Little research and evidence but what do we know about the dynamics of SV in later life? A range of types:
• Intimate partner violence. Long term relationship sexual abuse, recent onset abuse in a long term relationship, within a new relationship
• Incest by adult children and grandchildren or other family members/live with them unrelated
• Acquaintance rape
• Institutional sexual violence by staff, residents or visitors
• Sexual assault by strangers.
Dr Hannah Bows Doctoral Thesis. The Office for National Statistics (ONS) publishes from the findings from the Crime Survey for England and Wales on an annual basis. This includes the findings from one of the survey self completion modules which collects data on sexual violence, domestic violence and stalking. Until recently this part of the survey had an age cap of 59. This was for 2 main reasons. 1: Older people have greater difficulty with or resistance to using a computer in this way. 2: Issues of elder abuse from family members may get confused with responses from inmates and these issues meant they needed a specialised survey.
There are a number of limitations in using police data. First police data are limited to recorded offences only and, given the current research estimates only 15% of sexual offences are reported (Home Office), this reveals a very narrow picture and cannot be relied on as any measure of prevalence. Furthermore the way police record data and the systems used are not consistent across forces therefore comparing statistics across forces is not reliable.